21 June 2011
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The Role of Islam in Indonesia in The Struggle for Independence and Future Development

Author: Sayuti Hasibuan, Dept. of Economics, Al Azhar University Indonesia


The article puts forward the idea that at the moment there seems to be no more doubt about the proper role of  Islam in Indonesian development, specifically in substantive interpretation of the Pancasila and in providing guidance for its implementation. This is because the basic values of capitalism of individualism, materialism, freedom and positive scientific epistemology, implemented through the mixed socio-economic system have failed to realize the Indonesian vision of development as enunciated in its constitution. The discovery of the natural law of consistency in socio-economic development provides a meaningful interpretation of the  failure and the way forward for implementing the Pancasila. Indonesia has to adopt the maqashid shariah as her main operational development objective. The development strategy has to actively promote this objective within the possibility of a managed  market and the potentials therein. The state implementing apparatus like the People’s Consultative Assembly, the Parliament and the Government have to decide the operational meaning of maqashid shariah in a given period of time.  The work content  and the work culture of these implementing apparatus needs to be redefined. Structure needs changing. Process reengineering has to be undertaken. All this will require changes in certain clauses of the 1945 constitution.

Keywords: Pancasila, Indonesian vision, Indonesian development, Basic values of capitalism, Natural law of consistency, maqashid shariah, 1945 constitution.

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